Written in English
D.Phil. 2003 BLDSC DXN061732.
|Statement||M. P. A. Jones.|
|Series||Sussex theses ; S 5461|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||131|
The book is an introductory text to the physics of Bose-Einstein condensation. This phenomenon, first predicted by Einstein in , has been realized experimentally in in a remarkable series of experiments whose importance has been recognized by the award of the Nobel Prize in Physics. The condensate is actually a new state of matter, where quantum-mechanical wave functions of 5/5(1). Proceedings of the International School of Quantum Electronics 27th course on Bose Einstein Condensates and Atom Lasers, October , , Erice, Italy. Since the experimental demonstration of Bose Einstein Condensation in dilute atomic gases there has been an explosion of interest in the properties of this novel macroscopic quantum system. Bose-Einstein condensation of cesium atoms is achieved by evaporative cooling using optical trapping techniques. The ability to tune the interactions between the ultracold atoms by an external magnetic field is crucial to obtain the condensate and offers intriguing features for potential applications. We explore various regimes of condensate self-interaction (attractive, repulsive, and null Cited by: A Bose–Einstein condensate is a phase of matter formed by bosons cooled to temperatures very near to absolute zero (0 kelvin or .
Ultracold atomic gases is a rapidly developing area of physics that attracts many young researchers around the world. Written by world renowned experts in the field, this book gives a comprehensive overview of exciting developments in Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity from a theoretical s: 4. A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter (named after Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein) which can be created by cooling a gas of bosons at low densities to temperature near absolute zero (– °C).Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) are important in the study of superfluity and superconductivity. Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a state of matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − °C, or − °F; K = kelvin), coalesce into a single quantum mechanical entity—that is, one that can be described by a wave function—on a near-macroscopic scale. This form of matter was predicted in by Albert Einstein on the basis of. They become identical, from a physical point of view, and the whole group starts behaving as though it were a single atom. To make a Bose-Einstein condensate, you start with a cloud of diffuse gas.
This is the first book devoted to Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) as an interdisciplinary subject, covering atomic and molecular physics, laser physics, low temperature physics and astrophysics. It contains 18 authoritative review articles on experimental and theoretical research in . Bose–Einstein Condensation by Pitaevskii and coauthor Sandro Stringari, who is another major contributor to the recent theoretical literature, reflects the brief history just sketched. The first part of the book, about a third of it, reviews some of the fundamental concepts that evolved to explain the behavior of helium. The remainder is devoted specifically to the dilute alkali gases. Bose-Einstein condensate definition is - a state of matter that occurs when a set of atoms is cooled almost to absolute zero in which a statistical description of the positions of the atoms implies that they physically overlap each other and in effect form a single atom. How to use Bose-Einstein condensate . This is the first book devoted to Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) as an interdisciplinary subject, covering atomic and molecular physics, laser physics, low temperature physics and astrophysics. It contains 18 authoritative review articles on experimental and theoretical research in BEC and associated phenomena. Bose-Einstein condensation is a phase transition in which a macroscopic number of.